An Umbrella Review on Cardiovascular Risk Factors, Cardiovascular Disease and COVID-19
Public Health England commissioned the Liverpool Centre for Cardiovascular Science, University of Liverpool to conduct an umbrella review to systematically examine the associations between cardiovascular risk factors, cardiovascular disease (CVD) and COVID-19.
The evidence shows that people with CVD have 3.9 times higher odds of severe COVID-19 and 2.7 times higher odds of mortality. High blood pressure, obesity, diabetes and current and former smoking were also associated with more severe outcomes from COVID-19.
Analysis of physical activity and alcohol measurements in NHS Health Checks
Public Health England commissioned Staffordshire University to conduct an analysis of physical activity and alcohol consumption measurements in NHS Health Checks, using an existing dataset of 171 video-recorded NHS Health Checks from their RIsk Communication in NHS Health Checks study (RICO). The researchers analysed the extent to which recommended tools to measure physical activity and alcohol consumption were completed during an NHS Health Check, and compared the recording of these two risk factor measurements in clinical records with observed practice from video recorded NHS Health Checks. A summary paper details the key findings from the research and the implications for NHS Health Check commissioners. The full research report produced by Staffordshire University can be viewed here.
NHS Health Check delivery model survey
In 2020, Public Health England (PHE) undertook a survey to understand the local models used to deliver NHS Health Checks in 2019/20. This report summarises the findings from the survey responses, providing an important snapshot of how the NHS Health Check service is currently implemented. It also highlights changes in practice since 2014 and potential considerations for any future developments to the programme.
HBA1c Point of Care Testing (POCT) Evidence Review - November 2020
Public Health England commissioned The University of Exeter to undertake an evidence review on the accuracy and validity of HbA1c POCT devices, and the delivery conditions required to ensure that the POCT devices are as accurate as possible. The review also identified relevant national and international guidelines. The full report detailing the findings can be found here.
NHS Health Check programme: updated evidence review 2020
The University of Sunderland and Newcastle University have jointly undertaken a rapid review of evidence published on the NHS Health Check programme. This is an update to the 2017 review and includes evidence from the original review (studies published between 2009 and 2016) alongside evidence indexed up until the end of December 2019. The full report detailing the findings can be found here.
NHS Health Check commissioning
In February 2018, a review of commissioner’s current and potential use of weighted financial remuneration was published along side a number of case studies and top tips. The report includes details of the literature review carried out and provides recommendations for commissioners.
You can download the review from the following link:
Emerging evidence on the NHS Health Check: findings and recommendations
On 8 February 2017 the NHS Health Check Expert Scientific and Clinical Advisory Panel published its first report on the emerging evidence. The report summarises the key findings from an evidence synthesis completed by the University of Cambridge and RAND. It also makes important recommendations for practice and research.
You can download both documents from the following links:
Evaluation of the dementia component
In 2016, PHE commissioned Solutions Research to evaluate practitioners and patients experiences of the dementia component in the NHS Health Check. Findings from this qualitative research can be found in the full report.
NHS Health Check stocktake report
In 2016, Public Health England commissioned Research Works to evaluate local authority commissioners views on:
- the extent to which the NHS Health Check action plan (published in 2013) had been delivered;
- emerging issues experienced by local authorities; and
- what should be the future priorities for the NHS Health Check programme.
The findings from this work are available in the full report.
As part of its role in keeping the evidence under review ESCAP has produced rapid appraisals of scientific papers. Papers are only appraised by ESCAP if they have a) a large sample size b) a robust method and c) achieve a high level of coverage in the media.
National evaluation - May 2016
Inter 99 FAQ - Oct 2014
Inter99 trial - June 2014
Example service evaluations undertaken by local areas on the programme can be found here
NHS Health Check Delivery model survey 2013/14.
To improve our understanding of current NHS Health Check delivery practice and the delivery model characteristics associated with higher uptake all local authorities in England were invited to complete a survey. The survey considered: commissioning, identifying and inviting the eligible population, appointment booking procedures, delivery of the NHS Health Check, managing risk and resources. The full report can be found here.
Sponsored Research Programmes
Department of Health
At the beginning of 2012, two small-scale independent studies on the NHS Health Check programme were commissioned by the Department of Health and funded through its Policy Research Programme. The studies aim to provide an early assessment of the programme outcomes since phased implementation began in 2009. Both studies were published in early 2016, one being led by Dr Robson, Barts & the London, Queen Mary's School of Medicine and Dentistry, and the other by Prof. Majeed, Imperial College London. Both studies are available online:
Robson J, Dostal I, Sheikh A, et al. The NHS Health Check in England: an evaluation of the first 4 years. BMJ Open 2016; 6: e008840. doi:10.1136/ bmjopen-2015-008840
Chang K, Lee J, Eszter P, et al. Impact of the National Health Service Health Check on cardiovascular disease risk: a difference-in-differences matching analysis. CMAJ 2016. DOI:10.1503/ cmaj.151201
Page reviewed: 17/03/2021